Canada is the second largest country in the world (after Russia). Canada and the U.S. share the world's longest international border. Approximately 90% of Canada’s population is concentrated within 100 miles of the U.S. border.
Canada is a mosaic of multiculturalism. The country officially became a multicultural society in 1971 when the government formally recognized the value and dignity of Canadians of all races, ethnic groups, languages, and religions. The Canadian Multiculturalism Act of 1988 provided a legislative framework for the official policy of multiculturalism adopted by the government in 1971. With the enactment of the Canadian Multiculturalism Act, Canada became the first country to pass a national multiculturalism law.